Beneficiaries of Nunatsiavut have the right to harvest wildlife and plants in the Labrador Inuit Settlement Area. Beneficiaries are able to harvest throughout the Labrador Inuit Settlement Area at all times of the year up to their level of need, unless restricted by:
- Inuit laws under section 12.7 of the LILCA;
- Restrictions imposed for purposes of Conservation under Laws of General Application; or
- Federal Laws on firearms control.
The Nunatsiavut Government administers harvesting rights and responsibilities for Labrador Inuit Land. The Government of Newfoundland and Labrador administers harvesting rights and responsibilities outside the Labrador Inuit Lands, and for species which cross boundaries. The Government of Canada administers harvesting rights and responsibilities for migratory birds and marine fish and mammals.
If there is no Total Allowable Harvest established, Inuit have the right to harvest as much wildlife and plants as they need for their family for food, shelter, social, and ceremonial purposes, anywhere in the Labrador Inuit Settlement Area, at any time of the year.
If there is a conservation concern, the provincial government may set out a total allowable harvest for a particular species. The total allowable harvest is based on scientific understanding of the species population and how much harvest the population can sustain. If the total allowable harvest is less that Inuit would normally harvest, the Nunatsiavut Government is responsible for allocating the harvest to Beneficiaries. This could be in the form of tags, a set harvest level per community, or a set harvest level per Beneficiary or household.
An Inuk may use any method or technology to harvest wildlife as long as it:
- Is humane;
- Does not contravene a Harvesting restriction on method or technology of Harvest imposed by the Nunatsiavut Government;
- Does not contravene Laws of General Application regarding public health or public safety; or
- Does not result in harmful alteration to the environment.
The following species are endangered and prohibited from harvesting:
- Harlequin Ducks (Lords and Ladies)
- Mealy Mountain Caribou Herd
Total Allowable Harvest
As of April, 2014, the Nunatsiavut Government has set recommendations for harvest levels and seasons for some species:
A total of 28 moose licenses are available to be drawn and harvested by Nunatsiavut Beneficiaries, with the numbers varying in each location:
- Nain: 6 (4 drawn and 2 for the local community freezer)
- Hopedale: 6 (4 drawn and 2 for the local community freezer)
- Postville: 6 (4 drawn and 2 for the local community freezer)
- Makkovik: 6 (4 drawn and 2 for the local community freezer)
- Rigolet: 6 (4 drawn and 2 for the local community freezer)
- Upper Lake Melville: 5 (3 drawn and 2 for the local community freezers in Happy Valley-Goose Bay & North West River)
Please note: A license is needed to hunt Moose.
The polar bear season is from February 1 – June 30 of each year. A total of 12 bears are allocated for Nunatsiavut with the numbers of tags allocated as follows:
- Nain: 3
- Hopedale: 3
- Makkovik: 2
- Postville: 2
- Rigolet: 2
Please note: A license is needed to hunt Polar Bears.
For more information on licensing requirements for specific species of wildlife, please contact your local Conservation Officer:
(709) 922-2942 ext. 237
(709) 933-3777 ext. 228
Lead Conservation Officer
(709) 923-2365 ext. 226
Upper Lake Melville
North West River